By James (Larry) Holly, M.D., CEO, Southeast Texas Medical Associates
To be successful, the implementation of new policies and initiatives that will produce the future we imagine must be transformative – which comes from within.
Transformation results in change that is not simply reflected in shape, structure, dimension or appearance, but is also part of the nature of the organization being transformed. The process itself creates a dynamic which is generative. It not only changes that which is being transformed but it also creates within the object of transformation the energy, the will and the necessity to sustain and expand that change and improvement. Transformation is not dependent upon external pressure (rules, regulations, requirements) but is sustained by an internal drive which is energized by the evolving nature of the organization.
While this may initially appear to be excessively abstract, it really begins to address the methods or tools needed for reformation versus transformation. They are significantly different.
Tools of Reformation
The tools of reformation, particularly in healthcare administration are rules, regulations, and restrictions. Reformation is focused upon establishing limits and boundaries rather than realizing possibilities. There is nothing generative - creative - about reformation. In fact, reformation has a "lethal gene" within its structure. That gene is the natural order of an organization, industry or system's ability and will to resist, circumvent and overcome the tools of reformation – requiring new tools, new rules, new regulations and new restrictions.
This becomes a vicious cycle. While the nature of the system actually does change, where the goal was reformation, it is most often a dysfunctional change which does not produce the desired results and often makes things worse.
Tools of Transformation
The tools of transformation may actually begin with the same ideals and goals as reformation. But, rather than attempting to impose the changes necessary to achieve those ideals and goals, a transformative process initiates behavioral changes which become self-sustaining. And not because of rules, regulations and restrictions, but because the images of the desired changes are internalized by the organization, which then finds creative and novel ways of achieving those changes.
It is possible for an organization to meet rules, regulations and restrictions perfunctorily without ever experiencing the transformative power which was hoped for by those who fashioned the external pressure for change. In terms of healthcare administration, policy makers can begin reforms by restricting reimbursement for units of work, i.e., they can pay less for office visits or for procedures. While this would hopefully decrease the total cost of care, it would only do so per unit. As more people are added to the public guaranteed healthcare system, the increase in units of care will quickly outstrip any savings from the reduction of the cost of each unit.
Change in the Patient-Provider Relationship
Transformation of healthcare would result in a radical change in relationship between patient and provider. The patient would no longer be a passive recipient of care given by the healthcare system. The patient and provider would become an active team where the provider would cease to be a constable attempting to impose health upon an unwilling or unwitting patient. The collaboration between the patient and the provider would be based on the rational accessing of care. There would no longer be a CAT scan done every time the patient has a headache. There would be a history and physical examination and an appropriate accessing of imaging studies based on need and not desire.
Communication. This transformation will require a great deal more communication between patient and provider which would not only take place face-to-face, but by electronic or written means. There was a time when healthcare providers looked askance at patients who wrote down their symptoms. The medical literature called this la maladie du petit papier or "the malady of the small piece of paper." Patients who came to the office with their symptoms written on a small piece of paper where thought to be neurotic.
No longer is that the case. Providers can read faster than a patient can talk and a well thought out description of symptoms and history is an extremely valuable starting point for accurately recording a patient's history. Many practices with electronic patient records are making it possible for a patient to record their chief complaint, history of present illness and review of systems, before they arrive for an office visit. This increases both the efficiency and the excellence of the medical record, and is part of a transformation process in healthcare delivery.
Knowledgeable Patients. This transformation will require patients becoming much more knowledgeable about their condition than ever before. It will be the fulfillment of Dr. Elliot Joslin's (The founder of the Diabetes Center of Excellence in Boston, which is affiliated with Harvard Medical College) dictum, "The person with diabetes who knows the most will live the longest."
It will require educational tools being made available to the patient in order for patients to do self-study. Patients are already undertaking this responsibility as the most common use of the Internet is the looking up of health information. It will require a transformative change by providers who will welcome input by the patient to their care rather seeing such input as obstructive.
Commitment to Science. This transformation will require the patient and the provider to rethink their common prejudice that technology - tests, procedures, and studies - are superior methods of maintaining health and avoiding illness than self-discipline, communication, vigilance and "watchful waiting." In this setting, both provider and patient must be committed to evidence-based medicine which has a proven scientific basis for medical decision making. This transformation will require a community of patients and providers who are committed to science. This will eliminate "provider shopping" by patients who did not get what they want from one provider so they go to another.
Reestablishment of Trust. This transformation will require the reestablishment of the trust which once existed between provider and patient to be regained. The restoration of trust between the provider and patient cannot be created by fiat. It can only be done by the transformation of healthcare in system which we had 50 to 75 years ago. With that trust relationship coupled with modern science, healthcare can produce a new dynamic which we call patient-centered medical home. In this setting the patient must be absolutely confident that they are the center of care but also they must know that they are principally responsible for their own health. The provider must be an extension of the family. This is the ultimate genius behind the concept of Medical Home and it cannot be achieved by regulations, restrictions and rules.
Rational End-of-Life Choices. The transformation will require patient and provider losing their fear of death and surrendering their unspoken idea that death is the ultimate failure of healthcare. Death is a part of life and, in that, it cannot forever be postponed, it must not be seen as the ultimate negative outcome of healthcare delivery. While the foundation of healthcare is that we will do no harm, recognizing the limitations of our abilities and the inevitability of death can lead us to more rational end-of-life healthcare choices.
This article is excerpted with permission from SETMA’s website. Dr. Holly has written a weekly healthcare column for the past 20 years. All columns are found on SETMA’s website under Your Life Your Health.
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